A threat to the shipping industry

One of the most intense attacks against the kingdom's oil and natural gas production was carried out by Yemeni rebels backed by Iran on March 21, 2022. These rebels started a fire at a petroleum distribution center in the port of Jiddah, which is the country's second-largest city, and they disrupted production at a petrochemicals complex in Yanbu, which is located on the Red Sea coast. Both of these incidents occurred on the same day. Concerning the total extent of the damage to the installations, there was a lack of clarity. However, the Saudi Energy Ministry has acknowledged that there has been a temporary drop in oil production at the Yanbu plant, which has a daily output of 400,000 barrels. The administration has issued a strong condemnation of the attacks, stating that they pose a risk to the safety of oil supplies around the world.

“Increases in the cost of energy, costs associated with dry-docking, replacing parts, and transporting, among other things, will rise.


 However, even before Russian tanks invaded Ukraine, global energy sources were having trouble keeping up with post-pandemic demand. This was the case even before the assault. In addition, market instability was worsened by the severe sanctions that the West imposed on Moscow, which is one of the leading oil producers and exporters in the world. Gulf Arab oil producers have rejected efforts by the Biden administration to increase crude output in order to decrease oil prices in the wake of Russia's incursion in Ukraine. The goal of these efforts is to bring oil prices down to more reasonable levels. The cost of oil in all markets was increased by Saudi Arabia. As a direct consequence of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the price of a barrel of your country's crude oil has skyrocketed to more than $115. The decision was reached by Aramco after OPEC+, which is led by Saudi Arabia and Russia, concluded that they would continue gradually raising production. At the same time, certain consumers in Asia, most notably India and China, have been pushing for their countries to allow bigger supplies from Russia.

 As a result of Russia's ongoing campaign to disrupt the commodity, stock, and financial markets, the price of oil has risen to its highest level in a decade. Even though the United States and Europe have refrained from imposing direct penalties on Moscow's energy exports, a number of importers are steering clear of Russian crude, out of fear that doing so would be in violation of the sanctions. Because of this, an already crowded market is being squeezed even further, and buyers are being forced to look for alternative sources of supply, primarily in the Middle East. Official selling prices, also known as OSPs, are the premiums or discounts compared to regional benchmarks for barrels, and they are used to determine the rates that buyers with long-term contracts pay for shipments. As a result of increases in the cost of energy, costs associated with dry-docking, replacing parts, and transporting, among other things, will rise. As a consequence of this, a shift in the price of oil will have two distinct consequences on ships. To begin, it will have an impact on the pricing of the cargo that is carried on board, which is relatively obvious yet specific to tanker markets (as opposed to the dry bulk market, for example). As is customary in the shipping sector, fluctuations in the price of oil will also have an effect on the cost of bunker fuel, which is required in order for the ship to be powered.

The ship insurance sector is in a state of turmoil as a result of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Some underwriters are avoiding ships that transport Russian crude, while others are profiting from insurance premiums that have soared by a factor of 400 for oil liftings in the Black Sea. In addition to the possibility of the vessel being damaged, there are also other possible risks. For reasons having to do with their respective countries' national security, the navy of both Russia and Ukraine may, for instance, seize ships. The damage to vessels caused by missile attacks or mines that are suspected is the primary worry of insurance. At the very beginning of the fight, at least five ships were sunk. After a month had passed, a mine was discovered close to the Bosphorus strait in Turkey. This strait is an essential maritime corridor for any ship that is entering or exiting the Black Sea. Any business that ships goods to or from ports in the region is going to incur greater expenses as a result of the hike in insurance premiums. As the conflict continues, the Joint War Committee of the Lloyd's Market Association has included the Russian waters on its list of high-risk locations. Because of this, insurers will almost probably raise the costs they charge for coverage on other Russian ports.

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